The basic rule is that in cold climates we should aim to keep heat in (with insulation) and in hot climates we need to keep the sun out (with shading and light colours). The different construction methods, planning factors (location of rooms, etc.), form, orientation and natural heating/cooling techniques all will depend on the local climate.
Hot-humid climate: Less walls, more life — design in the tropics
Design solutions for architecture in the tropics: Use more movable partitions, take maximum advantage of light from the roof, use less space, consume less energy, and maximize flexible indoor/outdoor spaces to create places that will bring us joy, cost us less and increase our interaction with the natural environment and community.